Special Needs Glossary and Definitions

Glossary Terms

ABA (APPLIED BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS): A method often used to treat children with autism spectrum disorders in which environmental stimuli are manipulated in order to produce a desired response. By breaking complex skills into small steps, children can systemically learn to respond and behave in socially appropriate ways.

ADAPTED PHYSICAL EDUCATION: Related service for students with disabilities who require developmental, corrective, and/or supportive instruction in physical education. Involves modifications and/or accommodations to the regular physical education class.

ADLs: Activities of Daily Living

BID: Behavior Intervention Department

INDIVIDUAL TRANSITION PLAN (ITP): A plan to facilitate the transfer of a student from one setting to another, such as a different classroom or school.

INDIVIDUALIZED EDUCATION PLAN (IEP): An educational plan that outlines special education and related services specifically designed to meet the educational needs of students with a disability.

RELATED SERVICES: IDEA defines this term as follows:
Related services means transportation and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services as are required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education, and includes speech-language pathology and audiology services, interpreting services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, including therapeutic recreation, early identification and assessment of disabilities in children, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, orientation and mobility services, and medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes. Related services also include school health services and school nurse services, social work services in schools, and parent counseling and training.


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